This research project is part of a wider research plan aimed at addressing some critical issues related to a better understanding of how institutional frameworks impact on firm performance, a largely debated strategic issue. We use a network perspective, aiming at a better understanding of network structures when patterns of homogenization among network actors that arise in institutionalized settings. The institutional perspective argues that once disparate organizations in the same line of business are structured into an actual field, isomorphism emerges as a consequence of the re-alignment between organizational and environmental characteristics (Meyer and Rowan, 1977; DiMaggio and Powell, 1983). We define institutional embeddedness as the interconnections between organizations and the institutional environment (DiMaggio and Powell, 1983). We argue that when actors are embedded in different institutional environments, they are offered the possibility to catch different institutional opportunities residing in other parts of the network. Diverse institutional spheres can represent windows in which frameworks tend to be less constraining to the actions of the firm. We aim to analyze the mechanism through which institutions and legal frameworks shape the behaviours, actions and relations among actors (Zukin and DiMaggio, 1994). Institutional forces rationalizing the environment in which the network is embedded may leverage network relations or break social ties and the consequent benefits of embeddedness (Uzzi, 1997). When the environment is highly regulated firms tend to homogenization through process of isomorphic change (Hawley, 1968). Firms tend to conform (Scott, 1987), driven by procedural conformity that forces organizations in the way they perform specific tasks or procedures following specific requirements that are imposed by institutions. We focus on the research process, as it is less likely to have a clear scheduling as the outcome emerges as a result of changing conditions (Bechky, 2006) and different applicable regulations. Specifically, we aim to formulate research proposition that can be analyzed in the pharmaceutical industry, a setting characterized by institutional forces that significantly constrain actors and subjected to increasing specialization and systemic complexity We aim address the following research questions: Are institutional frameworks impacting on the formation of international networks and R&D location choices? Can international networks be the result of strategies of jurisdiction shopping? Under which circumstances do firms engage in Institutional Entrepreneurship strategies?

Institutional Frameworks and R&D Location Choices / Brunetta, Federica; Boccardelli, Paolo; Giustiniano, Luca. - (2014), pp. 1-6. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 10th Workshop New Institutionalism tenutosi a Rome, Italy nel March 20-21 2014.

Institutional Frameworks and R&D Location Choices.

BRUNETTA, FEDERICA;BOCCARDELLI, PAOLO;GIUSTINIANO, LUCA
2014

Abstract

This research project is part of a wider research plan aimed at addressing some critical issues related to a better understanding of how institutional frameworks impact on firm performance, a largely debated strategic issue. We use a network perspective, aiming at a better understanding of network structures when patterns of homogenization among network actors that arise in institutionalized settings. The institutional perspective argues that once disparate organizations in the same line of business are structured into an actual field, isomorphism emerges as a consequence of the re-alignment between organizational and environmental characteristics (Meyer and Rowan, 1977; DiMaggio and Powell, 1983). We define institutional embeddedness as the interconnections between organizations and the institutional environment (DiMaggio and Powell, 1983). We argue that when actors are embedded in different institutional environments, they are offered the possibility to catch different institutional opportunities residing in other parts of the network. Diverse institutional spheres can represent windows in which frameworks tend to be less constraining to the actions of the firm. We aim to analyze the mechanism through which institutions and legal frameworks shape the behaviours, actions and relations among actors (Zukin and DiMaggio, 1994). Institutional forces rationalizing the environment in which the network is embedded may leverage network relations or break social ties and the consequent benefits of embeddedness (Uzzi, 1997). When the environment is highly regulated firms tend to homogenization through process of isomorphic change (Hawley, 1968). Firms tend to conform (Scott, 1987), driven by procedural conformity that forces organizations in the way they perform specific tasks or procedures following specific requirements that are imposed by institutions. We focus on the research process, as it is less likely to have a clear scheduling as the outcome emerges as a result of changing conditions (Bechky, 2006) and different applicable regulations. Specifically, we aim to formulate research proposition that can be analyzed in the pharmaceutical industry, a setting characterized by institutional forces that significantly constrain actors and subjected to increasing specialization and systemic complexity We aim address the following research questions: Are institutional frameworks impacting on the formation of international networks and R&D location choices? Can international networks be the result of strategies of jurisdiction shopping? Under which circumstances do firms engage in Institutional Entrepreneurship strategies?
Instututionalism; Institutional entrepreneurship; Jurisdiction shopping
Institutional Frameworks and R&D Location Choices / Brunetta, Federica; Boccardelli, Paolo; Giustiniano, Luca. - (2014), pp. 1-6. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 10th Workshop New Institutionalism tenutosi a Rome, Italy nel March 20-21 2014.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11385/133593
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