We show that the welfare of a country's infinitely lived representative consumer is summarized, to a first order, by total factor productivity (TFP), appropriately defined, and by the capital stock per capita. The result holds for both closed and open economies, regardless of the type of production technology and the degree of product market competition. Welfare-relevant TFP needs to be constructed with prices and quantities as perceived by consumers, not firms. Thus, factor shares need to be calculated using after-tax wages and rental rates. We use these results to calculate welfare gaps and growth rates in a sample of developed countries with high-quality data on output, hours worked, and capital. We also present evidence for a broader sample that includes both developed and developing countries.

Productivity and the Welfare of Nations / Basu, S.; Pascali, Luigi; Schiantarelli, F.; Serven, L.. - In: JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION. - ISSN 1542-4766. - 20:4(2022), pp. 1647-1682. [10.1093/jeea/jvac002]

Productivity and the Welfare of Nations

Pascali L.;
2022

Abstract

We show that the welfare of a country's infinitely lived representative consumer is summarized, to a first order, by total factor productivity (TFP), appropriately defined, and by the capital stock per capita. The result holds for both closed and open economies, regardless of the type of production technology and the degree of product market competition. Welfare-relevant TFP needs to be constructed with prices and quantities as perceived by consumers, not firms. Thus, factor shares need to be calculated using after-tax wages and rental rates. We use these results to calculate welfare gaps and growth rates in a sample of developed countries with high-quality data on output, hours worked, and capital. We also present evidence for a broader sample that includes both developed and developing countries.
2022
Productivity and the Welfare of Nations / Basu, S.; Pascali, Luigi; Schiantarelli, F.; Serven, L.. - In: JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION. - ISSN 1542-4766. - 20:4(2022), pp. 1647-1682. [10.1093/jeea/jvac002]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11385/237084
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