We study the Bellman equation in the Wasserstein space arising in the study of mean field control problems, namely stochastic optimal control problems for McKean-Vlasov diffusion processes. Using the standard notion of viscosity solution a` la Crandall-Lions extended to our Wasserstein setting, we prove a comparison result under general conditions on the drift and reward coefficients, which coupled with the dynamic programming principle, implies that the value function is the unique viscosity solution of the Master Bellman equation. This is the first uniqueness result in such a second-order context. The classical arguments used in the standard cases of equations in finite-dimensional spaces or in infinite-dimensional separable Hilbert spaces do not extend to the present framework, due to the awkward nature of the underlying Wasserstein space. The adopted strategy is based on finite-dimensional approximations of the value function obtained in terms of the related cooperative n-player game, and on the construction of a smooth gauge-type function, built starting from a regularization of a sharp estimate of the Wasserstein metric; such a gauge-type function is used to generate maxima/minima through a suitable extension of the Borwein-Preiss generalization of Ekeland's variational principle on the Wasserstein space.

Master Bellman equation in the Wasserstein space: Uniqueness of viscosity solutions / Cosso, A; Gozzi, Fausto; Kharroubi, I; Pham, H; Rosestolato, Mauro. - In: TRANSACTIONS OF THE AMERICAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY. - ISSN 0002-9947. - 377:1(2024), pp. 31-83. [10.1090/tran/8986]

Master Bellman equation in the Wasserstein space: Uniqueness of viscosity solutions

Gozzi, F;Rosestolato, M
2024

Abstract

We study the Bellman equation in the Wasserstein space arising in the study of mean field control problems, namely stochastic optimal control problems for McKean-Vlasov diffusion processes. Using the standard notion of viscosity solution a` la Crandall-Lions extended to our Wasserstein setting, we prove a comparison result under general conditions on the drift and reward coefficients, which coupled with the dynamic programming principle, implies that the value function is the unique viscosity solution of the Master Bellman equation. This is the first uniqueness result in such a second-order context. The classical arguments used in the standard cases of equations in finite-dimensional spaces or in infinite-dimensional separable Hilbert spaces do not extend to the present framework, due to the awkward nature of the underlying Wasserstein space. The adopted strategy is based on finite-dimensional approximations of the value function obtained in terms of the related cooperative n-player game, and on the construction of a smooth gauge-type function, built starting from a regularization of a sharp estimate of the Wasserstein metric; such a gauge-type function is used to generate maxima/minima through a suitable extension of the Borwein-Preiss generalization of Ekeland's variational principle on the Wasserstein space.
2024
Viscosity solutions, Bellman equation, Wasserstein space, comparison theorem, Ekeland's variational principle
Master Bellman equation in the Wasserstein space: Uniqueness of viscosity solutions / Cosso, A; Gozzi, Fausto; Kharroubi, I; Pham, H; Rosestolato, Mauro. - In: TRANSACTIONS OF THE AMERICAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY. - ISSN 0002-9947. - 377:1(2024), pp. 31-83. [10.1090/tran/8986]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11385/234946
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