The COVID-19 vaccination has proven to be the most effective prevention measure, reducing deaths and hospitalizations and allowing, in combination with non-pharmacological interventions, the pandemic to be tackled. Although most of the adverse reactions to vaccination present mild symptoms and serious effects are very rare, they can be the cause of legal action against the healthcare workers (HCWs) who administered it. To highlight differences in the medical liability systems, we performed a search for the three most populous countries in each continent on vaccine injury compensation programs, new laws or policies to protect HCWs administering vaccinations introduced during the COVID-19 pandemic, and policies on mandatory vaccinations, on literature databases and institutional sites. We found that in seven countries the medical liability system is based on Common Law, while in eleven it is mainly based on Civil Law. Considering the application of specific laws to protect HCWs who vaccinate during the pandemic, only the USA and Canada provided immunity from liability. Among the countries we analyzed, fourteen have adopted compensation funds. From an international perspective, our results highlight that in eleven (61.1%) countries medical liability is mainly based on Civil Law, whilst in seven (38.9%) it is based on Common Law.

COVID-19 Vaccination and Medical Liability: An International Perspective in 18 Countries / Beccia, F.; Rossi, M. F.; Amantea, C.; Villani, L.; Daniele, A.; Tumminello, A.; Aristei, Luna; Santoro, P. E.; Borrelli, I.; Ricciardi, W.; Gualano, M. R.; Moscato, U.. - In: VACCINES. - ISSN 2076-393X. - 10:8(2022), pp. 1-14. [10.3390/vaccines10081275]

COVID-19 Vaccination and Medical Liability: An International Perspective in 18 Countries

Aristei L.;
2022

Abstract

The COVID-19 vaccination has proven to be the most effective prevention measure, reducing deaths and hospitalizations and allowing, in combination with non-pharmacological interventions, the pandemic to be tackled. Although most of the adverse reactions to vaccination present mild symptoms and serious effects are very rare, they can be the cause of legal action against the healthcare workers (HCWs) who administered it. To highlight differences in the medical liability systems, we performed a search for the three most populous countries in each continent on vaccine injury compensation programs, new laws or policies to protect HCWs administering vaccinations introduced during the COVID-19 pandemic, and policies on mandatory vaccinations, on literature databases and institutional sites. We found that in seven countries the medical liability system is based on Common Law, while in eleven it is mainly based on Civil Law. Considering the application of specific laws to protect HCWs who vaccinate during the pandemic, only the USA and Canada provided immunity from liability. Among the countries we analyzed, fourteen have adopted compensation funds. From an international perspective, our results highlight that in eleven (61.1%) countries medical liability is mainly based on Civil Law, whilst in seven (38.9%) it is based on Common Law.
2022
compensation programs; COVID-19 vaccination; legal system; legislation; medical liability
COVID-19 Vaccination and Medical Liability: An International Perspective in 18 Countries / Beccia, F.; Rossi, M. F.; Amantea, C.; Villani, L.; Daniele, A.; Tumminello, A.; Aristei, Luna; Santoro, P. E.; Borrelli, I.; Ricciardi, W.; Gualano, M. R.; Moscato, U.. - In: VACCINES. - ISSN 2076-393X. - 10:8(2022), pp. 1-14. [10.3390/vaccines10081275]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11385/226819
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