This study investigates bank financing to small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) and evaluates whether the difficulties of SMEs in accessing bank financing during a period of financial crisis are due to a reduction in the supply of credit, or to a decrease in the demand for credit. The results show that the macroeconomic setting matters: demand effects are unlikely to drive the decline in the stock of bank loans, while the supply of credit causes SMEs difficulties in accessing bank credit. During a crisis period, in particular, an increase in the risk of lenders leads to the reduced supply of credit and credit rationing (i.e. the bank lending channel). In a post-crisis period, SMEs with increased risk and decreased profits have great difficulties in securing bank loans (i.e. the borrower balance sheet channel). Taken together, these results suggest that supply effects initially emerge through the bank-lending channel and then shift to the borrower balance sheet channel over a period of financial crisis.

Why do small businesses have difficulty in accessing bank financing? / Harrison, R.; Li, Y.; Vigne, Samuel Alexandre; Wu, Y.. - In: INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF FINANCIAL ANALYSIS. - ISSN 1057-5219. - 84:(2022), pp. 1-14. [10.1016/j.irfa.2022.102352]

Why do small businesses have difficulty in accessing bank financing?

Vigne, S. A.;
2022

Abstract

This study investigates bank financing to small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) and evaluates whether the difficulties of SMEs in accessing bank financing during a period of financial crisis are due to a reduction in the supply of credit, or to a decrease in the demand for credit. The results show that the macroeconomic setting matters: demand effects are unlikely to drive the decline in the stock of bank loans, while the supply of credit causes SMEs difficulties in accessing bank credit. During a crisis period, in particular, an increase in the risk of lenders leads to the reduced supply of credit and credit rationing (i.e. the bank lending channel). In a post-crisis period, SMEs with increased risk and decreased profits have great difficulties in securing bank loans (i.e. the borrower balance sheet channel). Taken together, these results suggest that supply effects initially emerge through the bank-lending channel and then shift to the borrower balance sheet channel over a period of financial crisis.
Bank financing, Financial crises, SME finance
Why do small businesses have difficulty in accessing bank financing? / Harrison, R.; Li, Y.; Vigne, Samuel Alexandre; Wu, Y.. - In: INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF FINANCIAL ANALYSIS. - ISSN 1057-5219. - 84:(2022), pp. 1-14. [10.1016/j.irfa.2022.102352]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11385/222586
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