This article widens the theoretical debate on congruence in voting by including the municipal level on top of the consolidated national-regional comparisons. The concept of multi-level congruence (MLC) is introduced and an original dataset is computed in order to investigate two distinct territorial-level comparisons in Italy and Spain: the national-municipal and the regional-municipal. By building on several strands of literature, the article tests different predictors of congruence. Our findings show that local elections are more likely to be impacted by national (and, to a smaller extent regional) politics in central, large municipalities; while local politics is more likely to prevail in peripheric, small municipalities. Moreover, municipal elections are second-order with respect to the national-level at least when election timing is taken into account. Furthermore, historical voting patterns also play a role in explaining the incongruence between local and national elections. Finally, national party-system reshuffle (slightly) affects congruence only for the regional-municipal comparison–and surprisingly not for the national-municipal one.

Assessing multi-level congruence in voting in comparative perspective: Introducing the municipal level / Bolgherini, S.; Grimaldi, S.; Paparo, A.. - In: LOCAL GOVERNMENT STUDIES. - ISSN 0300-3930. - 47:1(2021), pp. 54-78. [10.1080/03003930.2020.1797692]

Assessing multi-level congruence in voting in comparative perspective: Introducing the municipal level

Paparo A.
2021

Abstract

This article widens the theoretical debate on congruence in voting by including the municipal level on top of the consolidated national-regional comparisons. The concept of multi-level congruence (MLC) is introduced and an original dataset is computed in order to investigate two distinct territorial-level comparisons in Italy and Spain: the national-municipal and the regional-municipal. By building on several strands of literature, the article tests different predictors of congruence. Our findings show that local elections are more likely to be impacted by national (and, to a smaller extent regional) politics in central, large municipalities; while local politics is more likely to prevail in peripheric, small municipalities. Moreover, municipal elections are second-order with respect to the national-level at least when election timing is taken into account. Furthermore, historical voting patterns also play a role in explaining the incongruence between local and national elections. Finally, national party-system reshuffle (slightly) affects congruence only for the regional-municipal comparison–and surprisingly not for the national-municipal one.
critical elections, Italy and Spain, Multi-level congruence, municipal elections, party-system change, vote congruence
Assessing multi-level congruence in voting in comparative perspective: Introducing the municipal level / Bolgherini, S.; Grimaldi, S.; Paparo, A.. - In: LOCAL GOVERNMENT STUDIES. - ISSN 0300-3930. - 47:1(2021), pp. 54-78. [10.1080/03003930.2020.1797692]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11385/218138
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