We present an algorithm for directed acyclic graphs that breaks through the O(n(2)) barrier on the single-operation complexity of fully dynamic transitive closure, where n is the number of edges in the graph. We can answer queries in O(n(epsilon)) worst-case time and perform updates in O(n(omega(1, epsilon, 1)-epsilon) + n(1+epsilon)) worst-case time, for any epsilon is an element of [0, 1], where omega(1, epsilon, 1) is the exponent of the multiplication of an n x n(epsilon) matrix by an n(epsilon) x n matrix. The current best bounds on omega(1, epsilon, 1) imply an O(n(0.575)) query time and an O(n(1.575)) update time in the worst case. Our subquadratic algorithm is randomized, and has one-sided error. As an application of this result, we show how to solve single-source reachability in O(n(1.575)) time per update and constant time per query.
|Titolo:||Trade-Offs for Fully Dynamic Transitive Closure on DAGs: Breaking Through the O(n2) Barrier|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.1 - Articolo su rivista (Article)|
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|p147-demetrescu.pdf||Versione dell'editore||DRM non definito||Administrator|