Increasing shares of European women are making large investments in their human capital. Whether and to what extent these investments are in conflict with reproductive behaviour are issues that have repercussions for fertility levels. Using two Eurobarometer survey data (2006 and 2011) on individuals clustered in the 27 EU countries, I investigate the relationship between women’s education and lifetime fertility intentions. Results suggest that a positive association between women’s level of education and lifetime fertility intentions exists at both the individual and country levels, as well as in a micro–macro integrated framework. The main explanation for these findings—which remains to be proven by future research—is that, in institutional contexts allowing highly educated women to have large families, women of reproductive ages are more prone to make investments in both human capital and family size, because these choices are not seen as incompatible alternatives.

On the positive correlation between education and fertility intentions in Europe: Individual- and country-level evidence / Testa, Maria Rita. - In: ADVANCES IN LIFE COURSE RESEARCH. - ISSN 1879-6974. - 21:(2014), pp. 28-42. [10.1016/j.alcr.2014.01.005]

On the positive correlation between education and fertility intentions in Europe: Individual- and country-level evidence

Testa, Maria Rita
2014

Abstract

Increasing shares of European women are making large investments in their human capital. Whether and to what extent these investments are in conflict with reproductive behaviour are issues that have repercussions for fertility levels. Using two Eurobarometer survey data (2006 and 2011) on individuals clustered in the 27 EU countries, I investigate the relationship between women’s education and lifetime fertility intentions. Results suggest that a positive association between women’s level of education and lifetime fertility intentions exists at both the individual and country levels, as well as in a micro–macro integrated framework. The main explanation for these findings—which remains to be proven by future research—is that, in institutional contexts allowing highly educated women to have large families, women of reproductive ages are more prone to make investments in both human capital and family size, because these choices are not seen as incompatible alternatives.
fertility intentions; reproductive decision-making; education; Multilevel analysis; Eurobarometer; Europe
On the positive correlation between education and fertility intentions in Europe: Individual- and country-level evidence / Testa, Maria Rita. - In: ADVANCES IN LIFE COURSE RESEARCH. - ISSN 1879-6974. - 21:(2014), pp. 28-42. [10.1016/j.alcr.2014.01.005]
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
ALCR_TESTA 2014.pdf

Open Access

Tipologia: Versione dell'editore
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 874.43 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
874.43 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11385/197847
Citazioni
  • Scopus 72
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 61
social impact