In recent years, the issue of the nexus of climate change and human migration has attracted a growing amount of interest among scholars and policy makers. Using individual-level data from the Tanzania National Panel Survey conducted in 2008–2009, we examine the roles played by droughts or floods, crop diseases, and severe water shortages in inter-district migration in Tanzania. Findings reveal that droughts or floods and crop diseases are associated with an overall decrease in the likelihood of inter-district mobility, providing support for the “environmental scarcity” hypothesis. Yet migration becomes a likely response to droughts and floods among individuals with no education suggesting mobility is a key livelihood strategy among those most disadvantaged. Future examination of domestic migration-environment processes at the individual-level is critical for informed policy and programs.

Environmental aspects of internal migration in Tanzania / Ocello, Cristina; Petrucci, Alessandra; Testa, Maria Rita; Vignoli, Danilele. - In: POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 0199-0039. - 37:(2015), pp. 99-108. [10.1007/s11111-014-0229-9]

Environmental aspects of internal migration in Tanzania

Testa, Maria Rita;
2015

Abstract

In recent years, the issue of the nexus of climate change and human migration has attracted a growing amount of interest among scholars and policy makers. Using individual-level data from the Tanzania National Panel Survey conducted in 2008–2009, we examine the roles played by droughts or floods, crop diseases, and severe water shortages in inter-district migration in Tanzania. Findings reveal that droughts or floods and crop diseases are associated with an overall decrease in the likelihood of inter-district mobility, providing support for the “environmental scarcity” hypothesis. Yet migration becomes a likely response to droughts and floods among individuals with no education suggesting mobility is a key livelihood strategy among those most disadvantaged. Future examination of domestic migration-environment processes at the individual-level is critical for informed policy and programs.
Population, environment, education, Africa
Environmental aspects of internal migration in Tanzania / Ocello, Cristina; Petrucci, Alessandra; Testa, Maria Rita; Vignoli, Danilele. - In: POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 0199-0039. - 37:(2015), pp. 99-108. [10.1007/s11111-014-0229-9]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11385/197821
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