This article analyzes the elaboration, interpretation and political-instrumental use of Garibaldi during Fascism and during the transition period toward post-war Republican and democratic Italy. Both Fascism and the political forces of the new Italy employed Garibaldi in an attempt to gain public support and to bolster their claims to historical legitimacy. While regime changes are usually accompanied by a radical dismantling of mythical and ritualistic underpinnings of the former regime’s legitimacy, the Italian transition from Fascism to democracy represented a remarkable case of symbolic and historical-semantic continuity. The article argues that Fascism elaborated upon the figure on Garibaldi in a way that made alternative future readings and interpretations inherently possible, creating a legacy of polysemic, ambivalent and open-ended memory politics.

From Myth to Reality and Back Again: The Fascist and Post-Fascist Reading of Garibaldi and the Risorgimento / Forlenza, R; Thomassen, B. - In: BULLETIN OF ITALIAN POLITICS. - ISSN 1759-3077. - 3:2(2011), pp. 263-281.

From Myth to Reality and Back Again: The Fascist and Post-Fascist Reading of Garibaldi and the Risorgimento

FORLENZA R
;
2011

Abstract

This article analyzes the elaboration, interpretation and political-instrumental use of Garibaldi during Fascism and during the transition period toward post-war Republican and democratic Italy. Both Fascism and the political forces of the new Italy employed Garibaldi in an attempt to gain public support and to bolster their claims to historical legitimacy. While regime changes are usually accompanied by a radical dismantling of mythical and ritualistic underpinnings of the former regime’s legitimacy, the Italian transition from Fascism to democracy represented a remarkable case of symbolic and historical-semantic continuity. The article argues that Fascism elaborated upon the figure on Garibaldi in a way that made alternative future readings and interpretations inherently possible, creating a legacy of polysemic, ambivalent and open-ended memory politics.
Fascism, Garibaldi, myth-making, political symbolism, memory politics, Risorgimento
From Myth to Reality and Back Again: The Fascist and Post-Fascist Reading of Garibaldi and the Risorgimento / Forlenza, R; Thomassen, B. - In: BULLETIN OF ITALIAN POLITICS. - ISSN 1759-3077. - 3:2(2011), pp. 263-281.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11385/192499
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