Background: Policymakers stimulate competition in universalistic health-care systems while encouraging the formation of service provision networks among hospital organizations. This article addresses a gap in the extant literature by empirically analyzing simultaneous collaboration and competition between hospitals within the Italian National Health Service, where important procompetition reforms have been implemented. Purpose: To explore how rising competition between hospitals relates to their propensity to collaborate with other local providers. Methods: Longitudinal data on interhospital collaboration and competition collected in an Italian region from 2003 to 2007 are analyzed. Social network analysis techniques are applied to study the structure and dynamics of interhospital collaboration. Negative binomial regressions are employed to explore how interhospital competition relates to the collaborative network over time. Results: Competition among providers does not hinder interhospital collaboration. Collaboration is primarily local, with resource complementarity and differentials in the volume of activity and hospital performance explaining the propensity to collaborate. Conclusions: Formation of collaborative networks among hospitals is not hampered by reforms aimed at fostering market forces. Because procompetition reforms elicit peculiar forms of managed competition in universalistic health systems, studies are needed to clarify whether the positive association between interhospital competition and collaboration can be generalized to other health-care settings. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Dynamic analysis of interhospital collaboration and competition: Empirical evidence from an Italian regional health system / Mascia, Daniele; Di Vincenzo, Fausto; Cicchetti, Americo. - In: HEALTH POLICY. - ISSN 0168-8510. - 105:2-3(2012), pp. 273-281. [10.1016/j.healthpol.2012.02.011]

Dynamic analysis of interhospital collaboration and competition: Empirical evidence from an Italian regional health system

MASCIA, DANIELE;
2012

Abstract

Background: Policymakers stimulate competition in universalistic health-care systems while encouraging the formation of service provision networks among hospital organizations. This article addresses a gap in the extant literature by empirically analyzing simultaneous collaboration and competition between hospitals within the Italian National Health Service, where important procompetition reforms have been implemented. Purpose: To explore how rising competition between hospitals relates to their propensity to collaborate with other local providers. Methods: Longitudinal data on interhospital collaboration and competition collected in an Italian region from 2003 to 2007 are analyzed. Social network analysis techniques are applied to study the structure and dynamics of interhospital collaboration. Negative binomial regressions are employed to explore how interhospital competition relates to the collaborative network over time. Results: Competition among providers does not hinder interhospital collaboration. Collaboration is primarily local, with resource complementarity and differentials in the volume of activity and hospital performance explaining the propensity to collaborate. Conclusions: Formation of collaborative networks among hospitals is not hampered by reforms aimed at fostering market forces. Because procompetition reforms elicit peculiar forms of managed competition in universalistic health systems, studies are needed to clarify whether the positive association between interhospital competition and collaboration can be generalized to other health-care settings. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Collaboration; Competition; Hospitals; Italy; Organizational theory; Social network analysis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11385/187704
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