Previous research on interaction behavior among organizations (resource exchange, collaboration, communication) has typically aggregated those behaviors over time as a network of organizational relationships.The authors instead study structural-temporal patterns in organizational exchange, focusing on the dynamics of reciprocation. Applying this lens to a community of Italian hospitals during 2003–7, the authors observe two mechanisms of interorganizational reciprocation: organizational embedding and resource dependence. The authors show how these two mechanisms operate on distinct time horizons: dependence applies to contemporaneous exchange structures, whereas embedding develops through longer-termhistorical patterns. They also show how these processes operate differently in competitive and noncompetitive contexts, operationalized in terms ofmarket differentiation and geographic space. In noncompetitive contexts, the authors observe both logics of reciprocation, dependence in the short term and embedding over the long term, developing into population-level generalized exchange. In competitive contexts, they find no reciprocation and instead observe the microfoundations of status hierarchies.

Investigating the Temporal Dynamics of Interorganizational Reciprocity: Patient Exchange Among Italian Hospitals / Kitts, J; Lomi, A; Mascia, D; Pallotti, F; Quintane, E.. - In: THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY. - ISSN 0002-9602. - 123:3(2017), pp. 850-910. [10.1086/693704]

Investigating the Temporal Dynamics of Interorganizational Reciprocity: Patient Exchange Among Italian Hospitals

Mascia D;
2017

Abstract

Previous research on interaction behavior among organizations (resource exchange, collaboration, communication) has typically aggregated those behaviors over time as a network of organizational relationships.The authors instead study structural-temporal patterns in organizational exchange, focusing on the dynamics of reciprocation. Applying this lens to a community of Italian hospitals during 2003–7, the authors observe two mechanisms of interorganizational reciprocation: organizational embedding and resource dependence. The authors show how these two mechanisms operate on distinct time horizons: dependence applies to contemporaneous exchange structures, whereas embedding develops through longer-termhistorical patterns. They also show how these processes operate differently in competitive and noncompetitive contexts, operationalized in terms ofmarket differentiation and geographic space. In noncompetitive contexts, the authors observe both logics of reciprocation, dependence in the short term and embedding over the long term, developing into population-level generalized exchange. In competitive contexts, they find no reciprocation and instead observe the microfoundations of status hierarchies.
Reciprocity; Hospital Organizations; Organizational Theory; Interorganizational exchange; Social network analysis
Investigating the Temporal Dynamics of Interorganizational Reciprocity: Patient Exchange Among Italian Hospitals / Kitts, J; Lomi, A; Mascia, D; Pallotti, F; Quintane, E.. - In: THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY. - ISSN 0002-9602. - 123:3(2017), pp. 850-910. [10.1086/693704]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11385/187670
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