A remarkable growth in the value of trademark licensing has been recently recorded. Our paper contributes to the understanding of this under-explored phenomenon using a dataset newly released by the USPTO. Our study analyses the evolution of licensing activities in the U.S. during the 2003-2017 period, the characteristics of these trademarks and agreements, and certain features of the licensing parties involved. We found that licensing activities varied considerably during these years. They were usually signed between two parties only, and, on average, they involved more than one trademark. Excluding under-reporting effect, the analyses reveal that a large portion of heterogeneity in licensing activity is due to the NICE international classes associated with each trademark. Indeed, trademark licensing agreements appear to be unevenly distributed across these classes, suggesting that this activity and the way it is carried out is correlated with the market to which the licensed trademark refers.

From a distinctive sign to an exchangeable asset: exploring the U.S. market for trademark licensing / Ferrucci, Edoardo; Leone, Maria Isabella; Romagnoli, Manuel; Andrea, Toros. - In: INDUSTRY AND INNOVATION. - ISSN 1366-2716. - (2019), pp. 1-27. [10.1080/13662716.2019.1661225]

From a distinctive sign to an exchangeable asset: exploring the U.S. market for trademark licensing

FERRUCCI, EDOARDO;Maria Isabella Leone
;
ROMAGNOLI, MANUEL;
2019

Abstract

A remarkable growth in the value of trademark licensing has been recently recorded. Our paper contributes to the understanding of this under-explored phenomenon using a dataset newly released by the USPTO. Our study analyses the evolution of licensing activities in the U.S. during the 2003-2017 period, the characteristics of these trademarks and agreements, and certain features of the licensing parties involved. We found that licensing activities varied considerably during these years. They were usually signed between two parties only, and, on average, they involved more than one trademark. Excluding under-reporting effect, the analyses reveal that a large portion of heterogeneity in licensing activity is due to the NICE international classes associated with each trademark. Indeed, trademark licensing agreements appear to be unevenly distributed across these classes, suggesting that this activity and the way it is carried out is correlated with the market to which the licensed trademark refers.
Market for trademark, trademark licencing, trademark classes, licensors, licensees
From a distinctive sign to an exchangeable asset: exploring the U.S. market for trademark licensing / Ferrucci, Edoardo; Leone, Maria Isabella; Romagnoli, Manuel; Andrea, Toros. - In: INDUSTRY AND INNOVATION. - ISSN 1366-2716. - (2019), pp. 1-27. [10.1080/13662716.2019.1661225]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11385/187090
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