Clustering geographical units based on a set of quantitative features observed at several time occasions requires to deal with the complexity of both space and time information. In particular, one should consider (1) the spatial nature of the units to be clustered, (2) the characteristics of the space of multivariate time trajectories, and (3) the uncertainty related to the assignment of a geographical unit to a given cluster on the basis of the above complex features. This paper discusses a novel spatially constrained multivariate time series clustering for units characterized by different levels of spatial proximity. In particular, the Fuzzy Partitioning Around Medoids algorithm with Dynamic Time Warping dissimilarity measure and spatial penalization terms is applied to classify multivariate Spatial– Temporal series. The clustering method has been theoretically presented and discussed using both simulated and real data, highlighting its main features. In particular, the capability of embedding different levels of proximity among units, and the ability of considering time series with different length.
|Titolo:||Fuzzy clustering with spatial–temporal information|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.1 - Articolo su rivista (Article)|
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|Spatial_Statistics_2019_S2211675318301994.pdf||Versione dell'editore||Tutti i diritti riservati||Administrator|