Collaboration is a key to success. Nonetheless, collaboration dynamics are affected by partners’ compatibility, which in turn is strongly affected by team members’ diversity. Studies on team diversity have shown significant variation in the magnitude, significance, and causal direction of the correlations. We examine how international R&D teams collaborate, investigating the impact of team diversity on innovation. We focus on institutional diversity and analyse how, together with the duration of the collaboration, it affects the innovation outcomes. We argue that institutional diversity hampers effective knowledge sharing and affecting the innovation outcomes negatively. However, this negative effect is mitigated by the duration of the R&D collaboration. The longer the diverse actors collaborate, the likelier they are to overcome the barriers of institutional diversity and find effective modes of collaboration for knowledge transfer and innovation. We test our hypotheses in the context of 3,658 clinical trial projects conducted between 2001 and 2015.

When birds of a feather don’t flock together: diversity and innovation outcomes in international R&D collaborations / Peruffo, Enzo; Brunetta, Federica; Marchegiani, Lucia. - (2019).

When birds of a feather don’t flock together: diversity and innovation outcomes in international R&D collaborations

Enzo Peruffo;Federica Brunetta;
2019

Abstract

Collaboration is a key to success. Nonetheless, collaboration dynamics are affected by partners’ compatibility, which in turn is strongly affected by team members’ diversity. Studies on team diversity have shown significant variation in the magnitude, significance, and causal direction of the correlations. We examine how international R&D teams collaborate, investigating the impact of team diversity on innovation. We focus on institutional diversity and analyse how, together with the duration of the collaboration, it affects the innovation outcomes. We argue that institutional diversity hampers effective knowledge sharing and affecting the innovation outcomes negatively. However, this negative effect is mitigated by the duration of the R&D collaboration. The longer the diverse actors collaborate, the likelier they are to overcome the barriers of institutional diversity and find effective modes of collaboration for knowledge transfer and innovation. We test our hypotheses in the context of 3,658 clinical trial projects conducted between 2001 and 2015.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11385/183368
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