The article aims to analyse the international law issues that have arisen throughout the current Ukraine crisis. Since November 2013, when President Vyktor Yanukovich announced its intention not to go ahead in the reform process that could eventually led to the signing of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement, Ukraine was literally overrun by a chain of events that led to an incorporation of Crimea into Russian territory, the 18th of March, 2014. The event was condemned by the UN General Assembly (considering the impossibility of the Security Council to adopt a resolution due to the Russian veto) and by NATO as an illegal annexation of Ukrainian territory; members of the then G8 temporarily suspended Russia from the group, and a first round of sanctions has been introduced (by the US, Canada and the European Union’s member states) against the Russian Federation. All parties to the conflict refer to international law to justify their positions. The Crimean authorities and Russia claim in particular a right to secession while the majority of states rejects that claim. The article discusses the legal claims advanced by Russia to justify its intervention in Crimea: in particular, the Russian support to the “legitimate” exercise of the right to self-determination by the Crimean population; the use of force to protect Russian citizens in Crimea and in the Eastern regions of Ukraine in accordance with article 61, par. 2 of the Russian Constitution; and finally the protection of national security interests, which were threatened by the Ukraine slipping away into the Western sphere. The article then reviews the legitimacy of international response and provides in the Conclusion a critical assessment to the questions raised by the Russian military action as well as an account of the current situation in Crimea and in the Eastern regions of Ukraine.

La crisi ucraina e l'intervento russo: profili di diritto internazionale / Sciso, Elena. - In: RIVISTA DI DIRITTO INTERNAZIONALE. - ISSN 0035-6158. - 97:4(2014), pp. 992-1031.

La crisi ucraina e l'intervento russo: profili di diritto internazionale

SCISO, ELENA
2014

Abstract

The article aims to analyse the international law issues that have arisen throughout the current Ukraine crisis. Since November 2013, when President Vyktor Yanukovich announced its intention not to go ahead in the reform process that could eventually led to the signing of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement, Ukraine was literally overrun by a chain of events that led to an incorporation of Crimea into Russian territory, the 18th of March, 2014. The event was condemned by the UN General Assembly (considering the impossibility of the Security Council to adopt a resolution due to the Russian veto) and by NATO as an illegal annexation of Ukrainian territory; members of the then G8 temporarily suspended Russia from the group, and a first round of sanctions has been introduced (by the US, Canada and the European Union’s member states) against the Russian Federation. All parties to the conflict refer to international law to justify their positions. The Crimean authorities and Russia claim in particular a right to secession while the majority of states rejects that claim. The article discusses the legal claims advanced by Russia to justify its intervention in Crimea: in particular, the Russian support to the “legitimate” exercise of the right to self-determination by the Crimean population; the use of force to protect Russian citizens in Crimea and in the Eastern regions of Ukraine in accordance with article 61, par. 2 of the Russian Constitution; and finally the protection of national security interests, which were threatened by the Ukraine slipping away into the Western sphere. The article then reviews the legitimacy of international response and provides in the Conclusion a critical assessment to the questions raised by the Russian military action as well as an account of the current situation in Crimea and in the Eastern regions of Ukraine.
La crisi ucraina e l'intervento russo: profili di diritto internazionale / Sciso, Elena. - In: RIVISTA DI DIRITTO INTERNAZIONALE. - ISSN 0035-6158. - 97:4(2014), pp. 992-1031.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11385/142395
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