It is generally acknowledged that the cuts in government funding for research implemented in several European countries will induce academic researchers to increase their interaction with industry to promote the acquisition of private funding for research. Indirectly this implies that there will be a shift in the focus of academic scientific activity from basic to applied research via private research contracts and consultancy work. The aim of our paper is to assess the extent of the trade-off between basic research and applied activity in academic research departments. We use data for the universe of Italian academic departments over the period 2006–2011 and estimate whether increased applied activity is substituting or complementing basic research activity. We provide empirical evidence of a strong substitution effect for life sciences departments, but this was less for engineering and technology departments, while there does not seem to be evidence of a substitution effect for departments whose scientific activity revolves around basic science.

The two sides of academic research: do basic and applied activities complement each other? / Vallanti, Giovanna; Alessandro, Muscio; Davide, Quaglione. - In: ECONOMICS OF INNOVATION AND NEW TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 1043-8599. - 24:7(2015), pp. 660-685. [10.1080/10438599.2014.974944]

The two sides of academic research: do basic and applied activities complement each other?

VALLANTI, GIOVANNA;
2015

Abstract

It is generally acknowledged that the cuts in government funding for research implemented in several European countries will induce academic researchers to increase their interaction with industry to promote the acquisition of private funding for research. Indirectly this implies that there will be a shift in the focus of academic scientific activity from basic to applied research via private research contracts and consultancy work. The aim of our paper is to assess the extent of the trade-off between basic research and applied activity in academic research departments. We use data for the universe of Italian academic departments over the period 2006–2011 and estimate whether increased applied activity is substituting or complementing basic research activity. We provide empirical evidence of a strong substitution effect for life sciences departments, but this was less for engineering and technology departments, while there does not seem to be evidence of a substitution effect for departments whose scientific activity revolves around basic science.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11385/111592
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